This religious Eid Muslim religious festival is the first and only day in the month of Shawwal during which Muslims are not permitted to fast. The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal. The date for the start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on when the new moon is sighted by local religious authorities, so the exact day of celebration varies by locality. Eid al-Fitr has a particular salat Islamic prayer consisting of two rakats units and generally offered in an open field or large hall. Muslims believe that they are commanded by God, as mentioned in the Quran , to continue their fast until the last day of Ramadan  and pay the Zakat al-Fitr before offering the Eid prayers. Eid al-Fitr was originated by the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Gifts are frequently given—new clothes are part of the tradition—and it is also common for children to be given small sums of money Eidi by their elders.
It is common for children to offer salam to parents and adult relatives. After the Eid prayers, it is common for some families to visit graveyards and pray for the salvation of departed family members. It is also common to visit neighbours, family members, friends and to get together to share sweets, snacks and special meals including some special dishes that are prepared specifically on Eid. On Eid day before prayers, people distribute a charity locally known as fitrana. Many people also avail themselves of this opportunity to distribute zakat, an Islamic obligatory alms tax of 2.
Zakat is often distributed in the form of food and new clothes. Muslims turn out in the thousands, as there is a lot of excitement surrounding the celebration of this festival. It is common for some Hindus to visit their Muslim friends and neighbours on Eid to convey their greetings. Eid al-Fitr is commonly known in Bangladesh as 'Romjaner Eid' and is observed over a three-day public holiday in Bangladesh.
Educational institutions, banks and corporate offices usually remain closed for almost a week during this time. Bangladeshis observe the holiday by performing the obligatory Eid prayers on the morning of Eid, hugging each other and exchanging greetings, giving alms and gifts, and visiting friends, neighbours and relatives.
Popular customs also include ladies decorating one's hands with henna, people dressing up in new clothes and having a good meal with family members, relatives and friends. The morning of Eid begins with men and woman taking a bath, wear the newest clothes and head for Eid Prayer then people exchange hugs and head home where a large banquet of food would be prepared.
However the most extravagant arrays of dishes are dessert which consist of Rasmalai , Rasgulla , Sandesh , Firni , a popular Bengali dish called Paesh, Mishti Doi Dahi and Faluda amongst many others. In Bangladesh family and friends visit each other's houses over the course of the 3 days and 3 or 4 houses are visited a day.
During the days of Eid children receive lots of money by relatives and family friends. For Bangladeshis Eid Al Fitr is the most awaited public holiday. Festivities start the night before with chanting the takbir and lighting lamps and fireworks.
On the day itself, after Eid prayer in the morning, zakat alms for the poor are distributed in the mosques. People will gather with family and neighbours in traditional clothing and have a special Lebaran meal. Children are given money in colourful envelopes.
Muslims also visit the living in a special ritual called Halal bi-Halal some time during or several days after Idul Fitri. Hari Raya means 'Celebration Day'. It is customary for workers in the city to return to their home town to celebrate with their families and to ask forgiveness from parents, in-laws, and other elders. This is known in Malaysia as balik kampung homecoming. The night before Hari Raya is filled with the sounds of takbir in the mosques or musallahs.
In many parts of Malaysia, especially in the rural areas, pelita or panjut or lampu colok as known by Malay-Singaporeans oil lamps, similar to tiki torches are lit up and placed outside and around homes, while tiki torches themselves are also a popular decoration for that holiday.
Special dishes like ketupat , rendang , lemang a type of glutinous rice cooked in bamboo and other Malay delicacies such as various kuih-muih are served during this day. Muslims also greet one another with "maaf zahir dan batin", which means "Forgive my physical and emotional wrongdoings ". It is customary for Muslim-Malaysians to wear a traditional cultural clothing on Hari Raya. The Malay variant worn in Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei and Southern Thailand is known as the Baju Melayu , shirt worn with a sarong known as kain samping or songket and a headwear known as songkok.
Malaysian women's clothing is referred to as Baju Kurung and baju kebaya. It is a common practice however for the Malays in Singapore and Johor, Malaysia to refer to the baju kurung in reference to the type of outfit, worn by both men and women.
In Malaysia , especially in the major cities, people take turns to set aside a time for open house when they stay at home to receive and entertain neighbours, family and other visitors. It is common to see non-Muslims made welcome during Eid at these open houses. They also celebrate by lighting traditional bamboo cannon firecrackers known as meriam buluh , using kerosene in large hollow bamboo tubes or Chinese imported crackers.
The traditional bamboo cannon, meriam bambu , and fireworks are notoriously loud and can be very dangerous to operator, bystander and even nearby buildings. In Malaysia, children are given token sums of money, also known as "duit raya", from their parents or elders.
The law was enacted in deference to the Filipino Muslim community and to promote peace and harmony among major religions in the country. The first national commemoration of Eid al-Fitr was on 6 December , marked by prayers and feasting. Some Filipino Muslims attend grand congregations at the Manila Golden Mosque and the Quirino Grandstand every Eid, while Muslim-majority communities in Mindanao stage large public celebrations.
Burmese Muslims predominantly follow the Hanafi school of jurisprudence in Sunni Islam.
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During Ramadan, in the small towns and big villages with significant Muslim populations, Burmese Muslim youth organise singing teams called Jago in Urdu and Hindi , which means "wake up".
Jago teams usually do not use musical instruments apart from the occasional use of harmonica mouth organs. The roving groups of singers will take the tunes of popular Hindi movie songs, replaced with Burmese lyrics and invocations about fasting, the do's and don'ts of Islam and about the benefits of Salaat.
Sometimes these Jago groups will also visit Muslim homes on the Eid day, where they are welcomed with food and monetary donations for the team with Eidi or Duit Raya. Although Eid al-Fitr is not a public holiday in Burma , most employers have an understanding of the festival and are usually willing to accommodate days off for Muslim staff.
Some may even take time off during office hours to visit with Muslim staff at their homes, usually accompanied by other non-Muslim co — workers.
As there is no single Islamic authority in Burma to make official decisions on moon-sighting, it is sometimes difficult to reach consensus on the start and end of Ramadan.
This often results in Eid being celebrated on different days in small towns and villages. Unlike Muslim countries that observe a three-day festival, Eid al-Adha is only observed on one day in Burma. During both Eids, the traditional greeting is merely the common Islamic greeting of Assalamualaikum , and Eid Mubarak is only seldom heard. The greeting is followed by placing the right hand on the forehead as if giving a salute ; there is no shaking of hands and rarely only includes a formal embrace.
Gifts and food are frequently given to the elder relatives and even to non-Muslim employers and government authorities. New clothes are traditionally given to family members and co — workers, but Burmese Muslims elders will give Eidi gifts to children. Children will receive at least token amounts of money, even from strangers, especially if they went around the neighbourhoods in groups just to collect Eidi.
It is common for children and young people to go around giving greetings of "salaam" to parents, elder relatives and other elders in the community. During Eid, Burmese Muslims ask forgiveness from parents and elders and themselves try to forgive and forget any misunderstandings that may have occurred amongst one another.
Burmese Muslim women typically do not attend the mosque or join with the men at an Eidgah. As Burmese Muslims are discouraged by the religious authorities from decorating their homes with lights, lamps or colourful bulbs, sending Eid cards, and more recently, sending e-cards through the internet, is fairly common. Children and adults are also urged not to celebrate any religious festival with fireworks or firecrackers.
In the People's Republic of China, out of 56 officially recognised ethnic groups, Eid al-Fitr is celebrated by at least 10 ethnic groups that are predominantly Muslim. These groups are said to total 18 million according to official statistics, but some observers say the actual number may be much higher.
It is also a public holiday in China in certain regions, including two Province Prefecture Level regions, Ningxia and Xinjiang.
All residents in these areas, regardless of religion, are entitled to either a one-day or three-day official holiday. Outside the Muslim-majority regions, only Muslims are entitled to a one-day holiday. In Xinjiang province, Eid al-Fitr is even celebrated by Han Chinese population during which holiday supplies of mutton, lamb and beef are distributed to households as part of welfare programme funded by government agencies, public and private institutions, and businesses.
In Yunnan , Muslim populations are spread throughout the region. On Eid al-Fitr, however, some devotees may travel to Sayyid 'Ajjal 's grave after their communal prayers.
There, they will conduct readings from the Quran and clean the tomb, reminiscent of the historic annual Chinese Qingming festival, in which people go to their ancestors' graves, sweep and clean the area and make food offerings. Finally the accomplishments of the Sayyid 'Ajall will be related in story form, concluded by a special prayer service to honour the hundreds of thousands of Muslims killed during the Panthay Rebellion , and the hundreds killed during the Cultural Revolution.
On the day of the Bayram, family gathers together, wears its best clothes, and celebrate with a common meal, after having attend the morning prayer. The women prepare and offer sweets to family and visitors, while small children go around and pay their respects to the elderly, by kissing their hands, and they in turn reward them with caddies, sweets, and small amount of money. In Australia, a predominantly secular country, Muslims are able to practise their religion with great freedom. Most large companies [ citation needed ] allow for special religious holidays allowing Muslims to take a day off for Eid al-Fitr.
Areas where there are large but not necessarily majority Muslim populations have overflowing attendances at the mosque for the Eid al-Fitr prayer. Police frequently block off roads and divert traffic to cater for the prayer and subsequent festivities. Eid prayers are also held in open areas playground, stadium in some places.
The festival has grown to now cater for tens of thousands of Muslims and non-Muslims and has included as guests Yusuf Islam , famous Australian rugby player, Hazem El Masri , the then governor-general of Australia, Michael Jeffery and the previous premier of New South Wales, Kristina Keneally.
This festival has now been replicated in cities all around Australia. The biggest Eid fair in Melbourne is held in Broadmeadows usually on the weekend following the Eid day. The festival includes stalls from different nations, cultural programme, and rides for kids and adults. Most Muslims in the United States offer the Eid prayer in big-city Islamic centers, convention halls or open parks.
Muslims from different cultures with multi-national customs get together for prayers and celebrations. In some cities, prayers are done at multiple times to accommodate the large number of attendees. Generally, Muslims visit each other's homes on Eid or hold large feasts in mosques or community halls. Sometimes, mosques rent parks for Muslims to pray in. Women and children may adorn their hands with henna to mark the celebration.
Typically, new clothing and attire are worn.
Gifts are often exchanged amongst children. Another ritual or practice is the giving of 'Eidee', usually a nominal amount of a cash gift to children or youth to mark the occasion. During the 3 days of Eid, many Muslims join big parties sponsored either by a community mosque or Islamic center or by a wealthy Muslim in the community. Children receive gifts, and all participants enjoy sweet, spicy and other flavourful delicacies.
Many Muslims also donate money to those less fortunate. Sometimes, Muslims reserve amusement parks, skating rinks or other activity centers for an entire day of fun. In New York City alternate side parking street cleaning regulations are suspended. The United States Postal Service USPS has issued several Eid postage stamps, across several years — starting in — honoring "two of the most important festivals in the Islamic calendar: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.
For Eid al-Fitr, just as in the United States, most Canadian Muslims will take a day off from work and go to prayers held in big-city mosques or Islamic centres, convention halls or sports arenas.
In the larger cities of Toronto, Montreal , Vancouver, Calgary and Ottawa , congregational prayers may be done at multiple times to accommodate the large number of attendees. Many Muslims will visit each other's homes on the Eid day or the days following to attend designated "open houses" in which everyone is welcome to visit.
Children receive gifts or money, and sweets and tasty dishes are served throughout the day. Smaller Muslim communities, particularly in the rural areas, hold other communal gatherings in mosques or rented community halls. Muslims also donate money or contribute to their local food banks on this day for those who are less fortunate. In many Canadian communities, Muslim organisations and mosques also hold large Eid parties that are open to the entire Muslim community.
Some groups may reserve amusement parks or other activity centres for an entire day of fun and celebration, while others may hold public Eid parties in mosques as a means of outreach to the larger non-Muslim society. Students from Canadian schools may take 2—3 days off, because Eid is a major holiday in the Islamic culture.
Although Eid al-Fitr is not a recognised public holiday in the United Kingdom, many schools, businesses and organisations allow for at least a day's leave to be taken for religious celebrations. During the morning, observant men usually wear a thawb , jubba or sherwani , and women usually wear a salwar kameez , abaya or any other traditional clothing.
Generally speaking, men, women and children will wear their best clothes. They will then proceed to a local mosque, community centre or park in the summer months for the Eid prayer. During the journey to the mosque, and up until the start of the prayer, it is Islamic tradition to recite takbeer — a reminder that God is Greater.
Immediately after the Eid prayer and sermon have finished, people greet each other with "Eid Mubarak," or the equivalent in their mother-tongue. Some men may go to a local cemetery after Eid prayers to remember the deceased and pray for them.
When they return home they will congratulate family and friends and other Muslims, before having breakfast together of traditional sweet and savoury treats. Gifts and money are usually given to children. Throughout the day, everyone will either visit or host friends and relatives, sharing some of the traditional foods with them. Bangladeshi dishes and Pakistani dishes such as samosas , Siwey a, Rice and Handesh , Noonor Bora , and Fulab are particularly popular within those communities.
Other communities enjoy a range of traditional foods too. As in Egypt, there have been a small number of reports of sexual assaults associated with the Eid in the UK. The Muslim community mostly consists of people of Indian origin, descendants of indentured labourers who were brought to the islands in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by the British colonists.
Although no accurate statistical evidence exists, there are also thought to be a few hundred indigenous Fijian Muslims Melanesians in the island nation. The vast majority of Muslims in Fiji are of the Sunni branch of Islam who follow the Hanafi school of jurisprudence. The day of Eid al-Fitr is celebrated in Fiji with Muslim men wearing their best clothes and attending the mosque for the early morning congregational prayer women do not go to the mosques for prayers in most parts of Fiji.Eid Mubarak: Bakrid Eid Ul Adha 2017 Wishes Eid Mubarak (*Happy Bakrid)
Most Muslims will wear new clothes on this day, and serve samai , a dish of fine, sweet vermicelli noodles mixed in warm milk. This is usually accompanied by samosas , curried chicken and beef as well as sweets and Indian snacks for guests visiting throughout the day.
Mauritius is a diverse island nation where several religions live together in relative harmony. Muslims make up about Eid itself is celebrated across the island, with the preparation of a feast, which typically includes the "biryani".
Men accomplish their Eid prayer at the local mosques or at the Eid Gah. Cultural shows are usually performed in the days that follow Eid. Although the date of Eid al-Fitr is always the same in the Islamic calendar, the date in the Gregorian calendar falls approximately 11 days earlier each successive year, since the Islamic calendar is lunar and the Gregorian calendar is solar.
Hence if the Eid falls in the first ten days of a Gregorian calendar year, there will be a second Eid in the last ten days of the same Gregorian calendar year, as happened in CE.
The Gregorian date may vary between countries depending on the local sightability of the new moon. Some expatriate Muslim communities follow the dates as determined for their home country, while others follow the local dates of their country of residence.
The following table shows predicted dates and announced dates based on new moon sightings for Saudi Arabia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. May Learn how and when to remove this template message.
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